According to recent study, eating largely plant-based diets may lessen the dangerous fat levels in the blood.
Researchers combined the findings from 30 experiments published over the previous 40 years, totaling roughly 2,400 participants. All participants were randomized at random to consume either an omnivore diet, which included both meat and dairy products, or a vegetarian diet, which included dairy and eggs but no meat. The diets were followed for an average of 29 weeks. Those who followed a vegetarian or vegan diet had average reductions in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B from levels assessed at the beginning of the trial, compared to those who ate an omnivorous diet. (Apolipoprotein B, a component of LDL and other artery-clogging lipoproteins in the blood, is present.)
The results are likely explained by the fact that plant-forward diets tend to be higher in good unsaturated fats but lower in saturated fat, cholesterol, and total fat. The European Heart Journal released the study’s online version on May 24, 2023.